What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

2022-06-03 10:26:46

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which your immune system destroys the tissue that lines your joints on both sides of your body. Other regions of your body may be affected as well. The actual reason for this is unknown. Lifestyle adjustments, physical therapy, occupational therapy, nutritional therapy, medication, and surgery are all alternatives for treatment.


Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis –

  • Swelling and discomfort in the joints
  • Stiffness, particularly in the morning or after a lengthy period of sitting
  • Fatigue
  • You may also have inflammation or pain in the Fingers, Hands, Wrists, Knees \Ankles, Feet, and Toes.


How Does Rheumatoid Arthritis Affect Your Body?

Immune system cells travel from the bloodstream to the tissue that lines your joints. This is referred to as the synovium. The cells cause inflammation once they arrive. As fluid accumulates inside your joint, it swells. Your joints become swollen, painful, and hot to the touch.

The inflammation wears down the cartilage, a soft substance that protects the ends of your bones, over time. The space between your bones narrows as cartilage is lost. They may brush against each other or move out of place as time passes. Inflammatory cells also produce chemicals that might harm your bones.

Inflammation caused by RA can spread throughout your body, affecting organs and systems ranging from your eyes to your heart, lungs, kidneys, blood vessels, and even your skin.

Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Medication, rest, exercise, and, in certain circumstances, surgery to address joint degeneration are all options for treatment.

Your options will be influenced by a number of factors, including your age, general health, medical history, and the severity of your case.